LITERATURE  

 

 

 

 

Brief biographical accounts of Kafi poets of Sindh
Selected and Consolidated by Yawar Ali Kazmi

 

Dr. Ali Akbar DhakanMiyun Shah Inayat Rizvi

A great Sufi poet of 17th century AD- was the son of Nasr-uddin Shah Usman Rizvi.

He was born approximately during 1618-1623 AD/1035-1039 AH. He used to live in a village near Tandoallahyar called “Shahpur”. He is considered one of the pioneers of Sindhi folk style of verse called ’waee’.

He passed away in the year 1720 AD/ 1133 AH and his shrine is in the Shaikh Musa Ahedani graveyard, near Tandoallahyar, Sindh.

 

Shah Sharif

Syed Muhammad Sharif alias Shah Sharif was the son of Miyun Shah Inayat Rizvi, he grew up under the kind care and spiritual guidance of his father. He became a poet as good as his mentor, rather is considered as contemporary of his father; Miyun Shah Inayat Rizvi. He was born around 1050 AH and probably passed away during the life of his father in the year 1115 AH.

 

Bilal Shah

Syed Bilal Shah was the son of Shah Sharif and grandson of Miyun Shah Inayat Rizvi. He was born in 1075 AH approximately and passed away during the period of Miya’an Noor Muhammad Kalhora.

He was greatly inspired by the works of his father & grandfather and said poems on the similar pattern & quality.

 

Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai

One of the legendary poets and Sufi masters of the Indus Valley- Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai was born in his maternal village in the east of Bhit (called ’Bhit Shah’, his last abode, located between Hala & Hyderabad, Sindh) called Derun Faqirun in the year 1689 AD 1102 AH.

He departed on 14th of Safar 1165 AH / 1752 AD.

He has been the centre of research & studies for many scholars. His contributions are enormous towards the social reforms, development of folk music, preservation of Sindh language and regional folklores. His collection of poetry is titled as Shah Jo Risalo and is one of the widely read books of the Sindhi literature.

 

Tamar Faqir

Tamar Faqir was one of the disciples of the great Sufi master Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai and the lead vocalist amongst the singers of Shah Latif’s waee.

He being blessed with the teachings of his master, said poems and is often recalled along with his master. He passed away in 1181 AH / 1767 AD and was buried close to the shrine of his master at Bhit Shah.

 

Jubair

One of the students of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai was ’Jubair’, he too like Tamar Faqir a sufi poet.

(Unfortunately not much is known about most of the personalities of that era)

 

Miyun Mangyal

He is said to be one of the poets of Shah Abdul Latif’s era, [1689  1752 AD] (possibly one of his students)

 

Bud’dho

A sufi poet, Bud’dho  too is said to be one of the students of Shah Abdul Latif’s era, [1689  1752 AD]

 

Ahmad

He is said to be one of the poets of Shah Abdul Latif’s era, [1689  1752 AD] (possibly one of his students)

 

Khatti or Dhobi

He is said to be one of the poets of Shah Abdul Latif’s era, [1689  1752 AD] (possibly one of his students). Dr. N.B. Baloch writes in the Kafiyuun that one of the each of these poets’ poetry is recorded in the manuscripts of the Shah Abdul Latif’s Risalo.

(That’s how & why we learn & hear about the unknown poets. Perhaps at those times, their poems were written down & included in the manuscripts in order to preserve & to maintain a record.)

 

Pir Saheb Muhammad Rashid “Rozay Dhani”

A poet ,and a spiritual leader  Pir Saheb is the head of the Pagara family from the Kazmi Syeds line-age with Hazrat Shah Sadaruddin alias Shah Sadar of Lakki (near Sehwan)Sindh.

He was born in 1170 AH, Sindh. He became the student of the Makhdoom scholars of Khehra and mastered naqshbandi & Qadri disciplines of Sufism. He gave spiritual teachings and blessed a many folks with his guidelines. He departed on the 7th of Shuaba’an 1233 AH/1817 AD.

One of his major works in literature is Isma-e-Allah al-Husna.

 

Saheb Dino Farooqi

Known as Miyan Muhammad Hafiz Saheb Dino, was a Sufi master, poet & a literueatte. He was born in 1101 AH/ 1688 AD in Sindh.

During the Kalhora regime, he had significant appointment which he later on gave up. The great Sufi master Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai met him. It was at that occasion, when Saheb Dino’s grandson (Sachal Sarmast -who was a young boy then) was recognized by Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai as to be a legendary master in the times ahead.

Saheb Dino Farooqi’s ancestral lineage is connected with Hazrat Umer Farooq (RA). He passed away in the year 1192 AH/ 1776 AD and his shrine is at Daraza Sharif, Khairpur, Sindh.

 

Roohal Faqir

A sufi poet and Master, Roohal Faqir was the son of Shahu Khan Zangejo Baloch. He was born during 1730s, his folks resided at the high-dunes of ’Padmaad’ near the historical monument called ’Moomal Ji Ma’ari’ in Umer Kot.

He was educated in Sindhi, Arabic and Persian languages. His father was in the service of Miya’an Noor Muhammad, where Roohal joined up too but shortly quitted. He set out in the quest for spiritual path and went to their master Izatullah Shah (Son of Shaheed Shah Inayat) and stayed in his service. He, later, wandered in Sindh and apparently settled in the village called Kundri Maka’an (District Khairpur) where he passed away in 1804 AD/1219 AH and is buried there.

He said poems in Sindhi, Siraiki, Hindi, Marwari and Persian languages. Sixteen of his poems are found in the collection titled “Kandri Waran Jo Kala’am” and six of those are recorded in ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Muraad Faqir

He was one of the cousins & disciples of Roohal Faqir, his father was Hayat Khan. Muraad Faqir was born in 1740s AD. He learnt languages including Sindhi, Hindi, Siraiki and Persian. He was greatly inspired by Roohal and followed him. He composed poems in Sindhi & Siraiki languages.

After the Kalhora regime, he stayed in a village called Kotli near Kot Dijji. He married the daughter of Roohal Faqir and fathered a son, who later on became a popular poet; Darya Khan.

Murad Faqir passed away in 1796 AD 1211 AH and was buried in Kotli.

Sixteen of his poems are found in the collection titled “Kandri Waran Jo Kala’am” and six of those are recorded in ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985

 

Shahuu Faqir

He was the son of Roohal Faqir and was spiritually guided and inspired by him.

Two of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Ghulam Ali

Ghulam Ali Faqir Zangejo, was the second son of Roohal Faqir and a poet like his father.

Four of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K, Baloch, 1985.

 

Nazer Ali

Faqir Nazer Ali belonged to the derveshes of Kandri. One of his poems is recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Darya Khan Zangejo

Faqir Darya Khan was the grandson of Roohal Faqir. Greatly inspired by poetic and derveshi environment, Darya khan became a great poet and said poems in Sindhi, Siraiki & Hindi languages and made his mark in the folks.

Thirteen of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr.N.B.K.Baloch.1985.

 

Muhammad Hassan

He too belonged to the derveshes of Kandri. One of his poems is recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr.N.B.K.Baloch.1985.

 

Jivan Lal

Jivan Lal of Shikarpur - was one of the disciples and a true admirer of Roohal Faqir’s lineage.

One of his poems is recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K, Baloch, 1985.

 

Thaanwer Das

Thaanwer Das of Shikarpur belonged to the derveshes of Kandri. One of his poems is recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Dur Muhammad alias Miskeen

He too was one of the disciples and a true admirer of Roohal Faqir’s lineage and a devotee of the shrine.

One of his poems is recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr.N.B.K.Baloch.1985.

 

Hafiz Abdul Wahaab alias Sachal

One of the legendary poets and sufi masters of the Indus Valley was Sachal Sarmast. He was born in 1739 AD / 1152 AH in Daraza, Khairpur. Much has been written about him and his great works but of course a lot needs to be done especially in order to bring his Persian works to light. He departed at the age of 90 on 13th of Ramadan 1242AH/1827 AD and his shrine is at Daraza, Khairpur, Sindh.

 

Hafiz Abdullah

Hafid Abdullah Qureshi Siddiqui was the teacher of Sachal Sarmast for basic education and Quranic teachings. He passed away in 1233 AH and is buried at the mausoleum of Sachal Sarmast at Darazaan,Khairpur, Sindh.

Four of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

(The poems have been taken from the manuscript of ’Kafiyuun’ preserved at the Divisional Public Library, Khairpur, Sindh)

 

Nanak Yousif Khokhar

The prominent most disciple and poet of Sachal Sarmast was Nanak Yousif Khokhar.

He departed in the year 1853 AD / 9th Jamad-ul-Awal, 1261 AH. His shrine is at village Agrra (Gumbat, Khairpur, Sindh.

Dr. Baloch has included twelve of his poems in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

(A compilation of his works by Dr. Tanveer Abbasi was published by Sindhi Adabi Board, Jamshoro in early 1980s and many other books on his biography & collection of poetry in Sindhi, Siraiki, Hindi languages have been published).

 

Ghulam Haider Shar

Faqir Ghulam Haider Sher alias Godrrio Faqir son of Qaim Khan Sher Baloch was born in the village of Mengho Sher in Taluka Tharee Mirwah, Khairpur in the year 1800 AD / 1215 AH. With love & thirst for divine knowledge, he became the student of Nanak Yousif. Later on he abandoned worldly life and lived in the woods. Eventually he returned to his native village, where his grandson Mengho Faqir served him, he passed away in the year 1861 AD/ 1278 AH and was buried in his village. He said poems in Sindhi & Siraiki languages.

 

Hafiz Gul Muhammad

He was one of the devotees and a true admirer of Sachal Sarmast’s lineage.

Five of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Muhammad Saleh Qadri

One of the disciples of Sachal Sarmast was Muhammad Saleh Qadri, from Larkana, Sindh. He became a renowned spiritual master and had devotees far & wide, i.e. Qalaat, Kandhahar, Khorasaan as well as Bukhara. His neighborhood in Larkana is named Gherri Mian Sahab in his memory.

Three of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Sher Khan Bhanbhro

Sher Khan Bhanbhro was one of the disciples of Sachal Sarmast. He was from the north Sindh and composed poetry. Three of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985.

 

Khair Shah

He was a devotee of Sachal Sarmast and lived in Rato Dero, Larkana.

Seven of his poems are recorded in the collection titled ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch, 1985. 

 

(Brief biographical accounts of Kafi poets of Sindh poets who composed poetry in the genre of Kafi, translated from the collection entitled as ’Kafiyuun’ by Dr. N.B.K. Baloch. published and printed by Sindhi Adabi Board, Jamshoro/ Hyderabad, Sindh, 1985, with additional information by the editor. The aim is to highlight the works and life accounts of Sindhi individuals for their contributions in distinguished fields in English language to facilitate the non native researchers.)

  

 TOP